The Herat International Airport is located 10 kilometers southeast of the city of Herat, on the road linking this city with Farah and near the town of Guzara. The airport is used by the International Security Assistance Force, with an advanced base of support next to the airport and directed, at the time, by a detachment of the Spanish army.
The airport was built in the 1950s with the United State’s help. During the War in Afghanistan 2001 was damaged by Allied air strikes. Before the arrival of the multinational force, the airport served as a base for Afghan attack and transport aircraft such as Antonov An-26 and Antonov An-32.
The airport has been modernized with funding from Italy and converted into international airport. Since 2012 it has had different international destinations like Dubai or Mashhad.
In recent years, the runway has been extended and hardened and a new terminal was added in 2011. In early 2012, the airport became an international airport, as there were flights, including Iran, Pakistan, Dubai and Tajikistan. The new terminal was named after Captain Massimo Ranzani, An Italian officer who had fallen in 2008. Italy paid 137 million euros for the expansion of the airport.